The Soviet Union and its allies, however, became Mozambique's primary economic, military, and political supporters and its foreign policy reflected this linkage.This began to change in 1983; in 1984 Mozambique joined the World Bank and International Monetary Fund.
Western aid quickly replaced Soviet support, with the Scandinavians, Finland, the United States, the Netherlands, and the European Union becoming increasingly important sources of development assistance.
Italy also maintains a profile in Mozambique as a result of its key role during the peace process.
The country is also a member of the Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa (PMAESA).
Illicit drugs: Southern African transit point for South Asian hashish, South Asian heroin, and South American cocaine probably destined for the European and South African markets; producer of cannabis (for local consumption) and methaqualone (for export to South Africa); corruption and poor regulatory capability makes the banking system vulnerable to money laundering, but the lack of a well-developed financial infrastructure limits the country's utility as a money-laundering center.
Similarly, in early 1996 Mozambique joined its Anglophone neighbors in the Commonwealth.